Analysis | COP27 yielded a historic climate fund. COP28 must do more, experts say – The Washington Post

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with analysis by Vanessa Montalbano

Good morning and welcome to The Local weather 202! In case you didn’t spend all weekend glued to the reside stream of the COP27 local weather negotiations in Egypt, we’ve bought you coated:
After two weeks of tense negotiations on the U.N. Local weather Change Convention in Egypt, referred to as COP27, diplomats from practically 200 nations reached a ultimate settlement on Sunday that yielded a breakthrough in serving to weak international locations deal with local weather disasters, The Washington Post’s Sarah Kaplan reports.
Past this breakthrough, nevertheless, the settlement made little progress on measures to speed up emissions-cutting efforts or section out the burning of fossil fuels, a main driver of the local weather disaster.
The double-edged consequence ratchets up the stress on negotiators at subsequent 12 months’s U.N. local weather summit in Dubai, referred to as COP28, to safe significant new motion to shift the trajectory of world warming, in response to specialists on worldwide local weather diplomacy.
Right here’s what to learn about how the deal at COP27 paved the way in which for anticipated clashes at COP28:
Rich nations on Sunday agreed to create a fund to compensate weak international locations for the prices of coping with rising seas, stronger storms and different disasters fueled by rising international temperatures, The Washington Post’s Evan Halper, Timothy Puko and Sarah Kaplan report.
The deal on a “loss and damage” fund broke an deadlock on one of the vital contentious points at U.N. local weather negotiations. The USA had lengthy resisted the thought of such funds, fearing limitless legal responsibility for its position as the largest historic emitter of greenhouse gases. 
Nonetheless, negotiators should spend the following 12 months figuring out most of the particulars surrounding the fund, together with who would contribute cash and which international locations may faucet it. Already, a debate has flared over whether or not China — a growing nation that has change into the world’s largest annual emitter — ought to present the identical monetary help as developed nations.
“We’ve the fund however we’d like cash to make it worthwhile,” Mohamed Adow, govt director of the Nairobi-based suppose tank Energy Shift Africa, mentioned in a press release. “What we’ve is an empty bucket. Now we have to fill it in order that help can stream to probably the most impacted people who find themselves struggling proper now by the hands of the local weather disaster.”
Finally 12 months’s U.N. local weather summit in Glasgow, Scotland, nations vowed to speed up their efforts to chop greenhouse fuel emissions this 12 months. However the COP27 deal doesn’t compel international locations to set stronger emissions-cutting targets, regardless of a push for higher ambition by the European Union and different nations.
U.S. local weather envoy John F. Kerry, who was sidelined in the final hours of the summit with covid-19, mentioned in a statement that the deal leaves the world on monitor to heat by a harmful 1.7 levels Celsius (3 levels Fahrenheit) above preindustrial ranges.
Beneath the Paris local weather accord, which sought to restrict warming to the safer threshold of 1.5 levels Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit), international locations should have interaction in a “international stocktake” each 5 years to evaluate their collective progress towards this purpose. Negotiators can have the essential activity of finishing such a stocktake at COP28.
“We should work intently with the United Arab Emirates, which can host COP28, to make sure that the primary international stocktake beneath the Paris Settlement produces a significant consequence setting the stage for even higher local weather ambition within the years forward,” Kerry mentioned.
India had led a push for the COP27 settlement to name for phasing out all fossil fuels, together with oil and fuel. However the ultimate textual content solely reiterated language from the pact on the Glasgow summit calling for a “section down of unabated coal,” disappointing many anti-fossil-fuel campaigners.
Some diplomats are already gearing up to make sure that COP28 does extra to speed up the worldwide shift to scrub power. However as one of many world’s greatest oil producers, the UAE has made clear that it sees a continued position for oil and fuel within the power transition, doubtlessly threatening this push.
The UAE plans to “extract and export each molecule of fossil fuels” left within the floor, Karim Elgendy, an affiliate fellow on the London-based suppose tank Chatham Home, instructed The Local weather 202.
On the identical time, the UAE has set a goal of reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 and has more and more invested in nuclear energy, inexperienced hydrogen and photo voltaic power, mentioned Karen Younger, a senior analysis scholar at Columbia College’s Middle on International Power Coverage.
“The UAE intends to be within the power enterprise in lots of kinds for a very long time,” Younger instructed The Local weather 202. “Oil is only the start.”
Because the nation prepares for the gift-giving vacation season, Senate Democrats are calling on the U.S. Postal Service to bolster its adoption of electrical supply vehicles, which they are saying may concurrently enhance service on routes throughout the nation and slash planet-warming emissions. 
In a letter despatched Monday morning, the senators urged the company to decide to electrifying 95 % of its supply fleet, slightly than 40 % as deliberate, utilizing the $3 billion it acquired from the Inflation Discount Act for electrical automobiles and associated infrastructure.
“With Inflation Discount Act funding, USPS ought to intention greater and attempt for at the least a 95 % electrical mail supply fleet that can cut back harmful greenhouse-gas emissions [and] assist usher in an period of ubiquitous clear automobile know-how,” the senators wrote. 
The letter was led by Sen. Edward J. Markey (Mass.) and Senate Atmosphere and Public Works Committee Chair Thomas R. Carper (Del.). Signatories embody Sens. Sheldon Whitehouse (R.I.), Jeff Merkley (Ore.), Elizabeth Warren (Mass.), Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), Chris Van Hollen (Md.) and Martin Heinrich (N.M.).
The push comes after the Postal Service in July pledged to electrify at least 40 percent of its new supply fleet in response to lawsuits from 16 states, the District of Columbia and 4 environmental teams aimed toward blocking the company’s authentic buying plan, which referred to as for principally gas-guzzling vehicles.
Requested for touch upon the letter, a Postal Service spokeswoman mentioned in an e-mail: “We’re reviewing the letter and can reply on to the members of Congress. The Postal Service commits to guage automobile combine and buy functionality in shorter intervals as know-how evolves and the group’s monetary and operational image enhance. We stay dedicated to decreasing our carbon footprint in lots of space of our operations and increasing the usage of EV’s in our fleet is a precedence throughout the parameters talked about.”
Authorities officers usually depend on Twitter to shortly share details about excessive climate occasions with tens of hundreds of thousands of Individuals. However the way forward for the app is now unsure, with the positioning’s new proprietor, Elon Musk, firing about half of the corporate’s workers and issuing an ultimatum that resulted within the departure of a whole bunch extra, The Post’s Reis Thebault, Brianna Sacks and Mark Berman report. 
A dozen native, state and federal officers throughout the nation instructed The Submit that they’ve used Twitter to avoid wasting lives throughout disasters made worse by local weather change, similar to raging wildfires and intensifying hurricanes. 
In Santa Barbara County, the hearth division has responded to 2 of the worst disasters in California historical past — the Thomas Fireplace and the lethal mudslides that adopted. The company makes use of quite a lot of strategies to speak with the general public, together with radio broadcasts and Fb.
However Twitter is “our principal strategy to disseminate protection as it’s occurring,” mentioned Mike Eliason, one of many division’s public info officers. “If Twitter goes beneath, we should rethink how we get our pressing messages out.”
The Netherlands has change into a worldwide chief in producing meals with a smaller affect on the planet, spearheading improvements that concentrate on decreasing water utilization in addition to carbon and methane emissions, Laura Reiley reports for The Post
Over the previous 20 years, the Dutch have made vital advances in cutting-edge cell-cultured meat, vertical farming and seed know-how. The nation has additionally devoted practically 24,000 acres — virtually twice the dimensions of Manhattan — to crops rising in greenhouses that use a lot much less land, fertilizer and water than conventional grime farming.
However there are challenges: Power prices for the greenhouses are rising as Western Europe faces an power disaster amid Russia’s battle in Ukraine. In the meantime, a conservative authorities coalition this summer time promised to halve nitrogen emissions by 2030, which might require a steep discount within the variety of animals that may be raised within the nation. 
Alternate caption: Delegates waking up after dozing off on the COP27 closing plenary.
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